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The colder weather and lack of sunshine can make it tough to stay healthy during the winter months. We're more prone to becoming ill and our motivation to eat well and exercise is at an all time low when it's cold and dark outside. Luckily, there are lots of things you can do to take care of your health. Bupa GP, Dr Falconer, gives her top tips for staying well this winter...
The lack of sunshine at this time of year means our bodies don't make enough vitamin D, and though you can get some from certain foods, it isn't enough alone. It is recommended that we all consider taking a vitamin D supplement during the autumn and winter months. You can get vitamin D supplements directly from your pharmacy or health food shop. Ask for a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms (which is the recommended amount we need).
Good food, regular exercise and adequate sleep are some of the best medicines to keep you healthy. Try to stock up on plenty of varied vegetables, fruits and wholegrains that will boost your immune system. Get outdoors as much as you can, especially when the sun is shining, and take some regular exercise to lift your mood. Also, be sure to prioritise sleep, aiming for seven to nine hours per night.
It’s also worth stocking up on some medicine essentials to have at home. Your pharmacist can advise you on what you may need, but key medicines include the following:
Keeping your hands clean is something you should do all year round, but it’s especially important in the winter months when illnesses like the flu, colds and norovirus are more common. The weather makes us more likely to stay indoors and we can easily pick up germs, so it’s important to minimise spreading infection. One of the easiest and most effective ways to do this is regularly washing your hands.
It’s really important to eat well to keep yourself topped up with energy, vitamins and nutrients. It’s tempting to eat comforting foods but don’t neglect fruit and veg, as these help protect our bodies from illness, which is vital in winter. There are some delicious veg that come into season in the winter and are great for making soups and stews. Try a new recipe!
Stock up on some pantry foods like kidney beans, chickpeas, tinned tomatoes and sweetcorn. Also, get some frozen vegetables so that you can make a healthy meal even if time is short. Aim for at least three vegetables in every meal. Having some vegetarian or vegan meals can help boost your intake of vegetables even more.
Have lots of hot drinks to help keep you warm too, but limit your caffeine intake to no more than four cups a day (400mg). This is based on an average adult weighing 70kg, so if you’re lighter than this, you should have less caffeine. Too much caffeine can affect your sleep and energy levels.
Winter weather often gets a bad rep, especially when trying to exercise. And that’s fair enough when it’s cold and rainy outside. But there are often beautiful days too, so make the most of them and get outside when you can. Exercise is so important for both our physical and mental health, so try and do some activity every day. A winter run or a long walk can feel really good, and exercise keeps you warm! On the days when it’s not so nice outside, why not try a new exercise class, practise yoga in your living room, or a home workout routine?
Getting up and out of bed in the winter can be a struggle. To make things easier, you could try an alarm clock lamp which comes on gradually over time to wake you up naturally, mimicking the sunrise. Some people find this improves their quality of sleep and how they feel.
Set your heating to come on before you get up – no one likes to get out of a warm bed into the cold! And have a good breakfast – porridge, for example, is a warming breakfast that will give you energy.
The change in season along with the darker days and colder weather can affect our mood. We might feel a bit blue or more tired than usual. To help with this there are some things you can do every day to help give you a boost.
Enjoy the time you spend indoors by keeping warm and comfy. Embrace the concept of Hygge, which is all about capturing a sense of living well, slowing down, being together and feeling cosy. Keep your home warm – at least 18C (65F). Close curtains, windows and doors at night to help keep the heat in too.
With a bit of preparation, keeping active and looking after yourself, you can make winter a happy and healthy time of year.